Guided Discovery is the process of asking questions to achieve a learning objective. The Senior Patrol Leader comes to you and says that Tommy Tenderfoot has a leaking tent. You being a good Scoutmaster immediately takes action and checks out the tent. Finding the leak you move the gear and find an extra tarp and place it over the tent. problem solved. Nothing learned.
The learning objective has been left for another rainy day.
On the other hand when the Senior Patrol leader informs you of Tommy Tenderfoots dilemma the first thing to think is ask questions. This is not to prolong the agony or make the Scout feel bad, it is all about teaching and coaching and Guided Discovery.
Why do you think the tent is leaking? Where is it leaking? How do you think it can be fixed? Is Tommy going to be ok? What can you do to make the situation better?
Again, not to remove responsibility of the adult leadership, but teaching leadership and responsibility to the youth leaders. Leading questions allow the Scouts to find solutions and realize that they do have the answers.. they just need to find them.
Of course if there is an emergency, you can do the question session as a reflection after the situation is resolved. But 9 times out of 10, a rain soaked tent is not an emergency and is, like most of the situations our Scouts find themselves in, a great opportunity to discover and achieve some learning objectives.
Learning objectives are important in the Guided Discovery process. Like vision, if you have no objectives then you are wandering through the activity. In this game with a purpose, every activity or event should have some opportunity to learn or develop. Express the learning objective within the Patrol Leaders Council so that they are aware of what it is that they are trying to accomplish. This will help the youth leader when the Leading questions start coming at them. It should get them in the mode of finding solutions and not looking for blame or excuses.
This can be a long and frustrating process. Play it all the way through. The reward will come in the end when you ask and then receive a look of satisfaction that the Scout has learned.
Have a Great Scouting Day!