Just as a recap… Cold weather camping is a High Risk activity that is challenging, fun, and rewarding for those that venture into the cold weather environment. This type of camping takes discipline, skills, and a great attitude.
Once leaders understand their role in accountability to those they lead, monitor behavior, and maintain the same “can do” attitude, they will provide fun programs in the cold weather camping environment.
In this post we are going to continue some of the discussion on training for camping in the cold, focusing on some of the skills that need to be developed to ensure a safe, fun outing.
Obviously what you wear and how you wear it is a skill in and of itself. Knowing when to layer up or down takes skills and awareness of the conditions.
How all of this clothing gets packed require a skill set also. Those skills need to be practiced and repeated. One of the ways in which we develop that skill is simply to have the Scouts pack and repack. They unpack, set up, and then repack in fair conditions. The second evolution is practiced with gloves on. The same skills worked over and over.
It is once the Scout can do these skills that we practice outside, in the cold. You will see the mastery of this skill proven at that point.
Understanding that the simple skill of packing a backpack in the cold can have a huge impact on the fun of the outing. A Scout that struggles with this skill will place himself in painful situation and prolong his time spent being cold. Remember that it is easier to stay warm than to rewarm. Packing is a skill that will help the Scout find success in the cold. Nylon gets cold and as the Scout packs he is in contact with cold material that may also be icy or wet. It is important to do this correctly the first time so he can quickly return to activity that keeps him warm.
The Scout needs to understand that there is an order to his packing so he can access those items that he will need throughout the day to stay warm, cook meals, and move in and out of layers. He also needs to understand how his gear works so he can have quick set up and take down periods.
His tent should be set up and modified to meet the Scouts needs in the cold. Guy lines added and tied to the tie out points. Knots pre tied and line measured to specific lengths so there is not a lot of adjustments to be made.
A plan for anchoring his tent needs to be made and practiced. I do not worry about snow stakes. A stick will do or a regular tent stake placed in the snow sideways will hold the tent in place. Additional guy lines may be needed in the event of heavy winds or snow. Have those lines in place before you go. A simple bowline tied at the end of the line will make for quick set up and take down.
The Cold Sump or pit, draws cold air away from you at night.
Digging a cold sump outside of the tent will pull cold air away from you as you sleep. Cold air settles in low ground, creating that low space will keep you warmer at night. You will also have a place to sit and put your boots on and fire up the stove to boil water for a nice cup of hot chocolate.
Cooking in the cold is another challenge that requires a few more skills than boiling water.
First the Scout needs to understand that eating is critical for staying warm in the cold weather environment. Eating keeps you hydrated, it keeps you warm and comfortable, and it provides the nutrients to keep you going. When you cook or boil water, it is a good way to treat that water and get fluids into your system. Dehydration is the number one cold weather injury. Scouts do not feel thirsty because it is cold. It is when you feel thirsty that you are in the early stages of dehydration. Cooking a meal and having a cold or warm drink with help prevent dehydration.
The gear used for cooking needs attention and skill to accomplish the cooking of your meal. Liquid fuels such as white gas are very reliable in the cold. Canister fuels work well also, but you need to keep the canister warm. Throw it in your sleeping bag at night. Keep it in a wool sock. Use a small square of Closed Cell Foam pad to set the canister on as you cook. This insulates and keeps the fuel warmer.
Why do I consider cooking a skill for the cold weather, well there is great emphasis in cooking in the cold. You can not get away with quick trail meals. You need to eat warmer meals to stay warm. The average person burns about 2700 calories a day in the summer. In the winter you need to be prepared to burn about 4000 a day. Considering this, it takes skill in planning and preparing those meals, not to mention getting them into camp. Again, packing becomes a tremendous skill that pays off.
We teach the acronym C.O.L.D. Clean, Overheating, Layers, and Dry. This simple acronym is all about skills.
Staying clean, both your body and your clothing. Dirty, oily clothing allows for water to seep as well as wind. This will not protect you against the elements any longer. You must stay as clean as you can. A quick wipe down before you go to bed and when you get up in the morning will keep you warmer. Keeping from Overheating will reduce sweat and therefore will keep you warmer. Reducing the amount of moisture on the body will keep you from freezing. We do this by wearing loose layers. An effective layering system of clothing that will assist you in regulating your temperature keeping your comfortable and warm. And finally staying dry. Staying out of the snow when it is critical to stay dry. This means changing after playing in the snow or digging a snow cave. Water is your enemy in the cold (unless you are drinking it). Remember C.O.L.D. to stay Warm!
Before setting up your tent, pack the snow. You are your buddy, walk with your snow shoes stamping down a platform for your tent. It need not be too much bigger than the footprint of the tent. Pack it so you no longer punch through when you walk. This will provide a comfortable platform to sleep on and make it easier to set up your tent.
This also keeps you from possible tearing a hole in the floor of your tent should you step through a patch of unpacked snow.
It is counter intuitive to think about opening your tent, but make sure your tent is vented well. This will reduce condensation keeping your tent and the rest of your gear dryer, thus keeping you warmer.
In part three, we will discuss sleeping in the cold.
What do you think? Are you ready to get out there and camp in the cold…
Let me know what you think. What winter camping skill do you think is the most important?
Have a Great Scouting Day!